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Nomenclature

Lactarius stephensii (Berk.) Verbeken & Walleyn
Belg. J. Bot. 136 (2): 151. 2004 ("2003").

Hydnangium stephensii Berk.
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 1 13: 352. 1844.

Hysterangium stephensii (Berk.) Vittad.
Monogr. Tuberac.: 13. 1831.

Octaviania stephensii (Berk.) Tul. & C. Tul.
Fungi hypogaei: 78. 1851.

Arcangeliella stephensii (Berk.) Zeller & C.W. Dodge
Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 18: 463. 1931.

Zelleromyces stephensii (Berk.) A.H. Sm.
Mycologia 54 (6): 635. 1963 ("1962").

Martellia stephensii (Berk.) K. Mader & A. Mader
Österr. Z. Pilzk. 1: 4. 1992.

Taxonomic synonyms:

= Hydnangium soehneri Zeller & C.W. Dodge, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 372. 1935.  — Octaviania soehneri (Zeller & C.W. Dodge) Svrček, Flora Č.S.R., Gasteromycetes B-1: 200. 1958.  — Martellia soehneri (Zeller & C.W. Dodge) Singer & A.H. Sm., Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 21: 31. 1960.  — Zelleromyces soehneri (Zeller & C.W. Dodge) Trappe, T. Lebel & Castellano, Mycotaxon 81: 205. 2002.

= Hydnangium monosporum Boud. & Pat., J. Bot. (Morot) 2: 445. 1888.  — Octaviania monospora (Boud. & Pat.) Lloyd, Mycol. Notes 7 (67): 1141. 1922.  — Martellia monospora (Boud. & Pat.) Astier & Pacioni, Doc. Mycol. 28 (109-110): 9. 1998.

= Hydnangium galathejum Quél., Enchir. fung.: 247. 1886.  — Octaviania galatheja (Quél.) De Toni, Syll. fung. 7: 491. 1888.  — Hydnangium stephensii f. galathejum (Quel.) Pat., Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 26: 201. 1910.

= Hydnangium soehneri var. ettenbergii Soehner, Z. Pilzk. 20 (3-4): 110. 1941.

Original diagnosis

Irregulare, oblongum, externe rufum; basi plicato-rugosa cribosa radicibus fibrosis insidenti; intus album, minute cellulosum lactifluum, demum aëri expositum rufum; cellulis non farctis; sporis globosis demum echinulatis. Clifton, Aug. 1843, C.E. Broome, Esq., and H.O. Stephens, Esq.

Typification

Information not available

Published type studies: TBMS72: 373; Mycol. Helv. 2: 60 (1986), Öst. Z. Pilzk. 1: 5 (1992); Rev. Catal. Micol. 26: 68-69

Description

Photographs

Microscopy

SEM photos